Conclusion

Today, phrenology is still familiar to many from its association with the idea of "reading the bumps" on an individual's head, and a search on the World Wide Web retrieves a number of sites devoted to the history of phrenology in the United States and abroad. But phrenology as a science, in a quiet way, persists. In 1983, the London Phrenology Company was formed to market phrenological works and revive interest in the movement, and there are a number of websites currently espousing the validity of phrenological study and providing links to purchasing symbolical heads, craniometers, and phrenological text—testifying to the enduring fascination of this study of skulls.