Browse Items (50 total)

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002755_dref.jpg
The Soncino family was originally from Speyer, one of the German towns in which printing had an early impact. After a decree of expulsion in 1435, the family moved to the Italian town that lent the family its name. Soncino printed the first Hebrew…

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This manuscript copy of Avicenna's Canon, written by Mordechai bar Elia in a rabbinical hand, was formerly in the library of Prince Dietrichstein of Nikolsburg.

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002514_dref.jpg
The Canon medicinae, a compendium of medical knowledge and a guide to clinical teaching, was derived from Galenic and Hippocratic writings and infused by Avicenna with Arabic medical lore. The Canon includes detailed disquisitions on pathology,…

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002766_dref.jpg
A treatise on Kabbalah, astrology and fortunetelling with elaborate diagrams of the zodiac. Ibn Ezra was an earnest apologist for astrology and translated many astrological treatises from Arabic into Hebrew. Maimonides, using Biblical law as a guide,…

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002793_dref.jpg
Bernard de Gordon taught in the medical faculty at Montpellier, which was a refuge for Jewish students from Spain. The Lilium Medicinae, written in 1303 and first printed in Naples in 1480, must have been well-known and well-used, as there were 7…

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Bonet de Lates was a Provençal physician and astrologer who settled in Rome, where, in addition to acting as physician to Popes Alexander VI and Leo X, he served the Jewish community as a rabbi. He is best known for his invention of the…

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002776_dref.jpg
This sermon on Christ’s circumcision, given before Pope Sixtus IV in 1484, explores the symbolic aspects of the ritual and compares it to Christ’s eventual suffering on the cross. Carvajal claims that the process of circumcision and its…

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002768_dref.jpg
Charas trained as a classicist and pharmacist in France; his interests lay in a curious mix of therapeutics, toxicology and natural history. This volume focuses on the anatomy, physiology, and habits of snakes. Charas believed that venom was…

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Polish physician Tobias ben Moses Cohn knew nine languages and was court physician to five sultans in Adrianople. In 1724, he moved to Jerusalem. The Ma’aseh Tobiyyah [“Works of Tobias”] is an encyclopedia of theology, botany,…

http://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/file_upload/0002789_dref.jpg
The Viaticumis a systematic and detailed medical handbook originally written in Arabic and translated at least 3 times into Hebrew. Its popularity in medieval Europe is well-documented. The Latin translation on view here is almost certainly the work…
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