Stone, Abraham papers, 1916-1959. H MS c157

Dublin Core


Stone, Abraham papers, 1916-1959. H MS c157


Abraham Stone (1890-1959), was Medical Director and later Director of the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau in New York City from 1941 to 1959. His research focused on marriage counseling and reproductive health issues including family planning, birth control, sterility, fertility, sexual relations, and global overpopulation. Stone was an urologist in private practice with his wife Hannah in New York City before becoming Medical Director at the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau, succeeding his wife Hannah after her death in 1941. Abraham and Hannah Stone published A Marriage Manual in 1935, one of the first publications devoted to the topic of marriage. Stone also served as vice-president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and the International Planned Parenthood Federation during the 1950s, and was a founding member and president of the American Association of Marriage Counselors.
Primarily consists of colleague and patient correspondence, meeting minutes, reports, publications, data, and photographs resulting from Stone's administrative activities as Director and Medical Director of the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau in New York City from 1941 to 1959; and writings, notes, reports, meeting minutes, administrative files, correspondence, and photographs from Stone's service as an advocate for the development of international family planning programs as vice-president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and the International Planned Parenthood Federation. Also includes correspondence, pamphlets, and reports from the selection of Puerto Rico as a closed environment to test the birth control pill in the 1950s. Contains Stone's reports and correspondence with the World Health Organization as a consultant for family planning programs in India and Stone's lecture notes, correspondence, and memoranda from his service as president of the American Association of Marriage Counselors. Also includes family planning correspondence with Robert Latou Dickinson and Edris Rice-Wray; manuscripts, drafts, and revisions of A Marriage Manual; Stone's personal correspondence, including his correspondence with Margaret Sanger; teaching records from the New School for Social Research, writings by his wife, family planning advocate Hannah Stone; and lantern slides of family planning advocates and educators.

Collection Items

Conference on Population Trends and the Family
Rock promoted the Committee on Human Reproduction research agenda in 1949. During discussion of his paper, "Next Steps in Research on the Physiology of Reproduction in Man," he describes a possible approach to hormonal contraception.

Rock became the Director of the Free Hospital for Women’s Sterility Clinic in 1926. At the Free Hospital, Rock saw many infertile women who were eager to have children. Some of his patients, however, sought the means to control conception. For these…

Letter from “Woman’s Activities” to Hannah Stone
Stone received letters from women of various backgrounds requesting information on safe and legal birth control.

Notice from the Treasury Department, United States Customs Service, to Abraham Stone
Importation of contraceptives from the United Kingdom was closely monitored by United States customs authorities. In 1942, Stone’s colleagues in London shipped volpar paste, used in contraception devices in the United Kingdom, to him. The…

A Marriage Manual manuscript
A Marriage Manual was published by Hannah and Abraham Stone as a guide to healthy marriages. It was one of the first books published on the subject of marriage, and was widely received by its audience. The book was written in the character of a…

Abraham Stone
Abraham Stone (1890-1959) began his career as an urologist in New York City in the 1920s, and later expanded his specialties to include marriage counseling and family planning services. He became active in the family planning movement with his wife,…

Margaret Sanger
Margaret Sanger was an advocate for the legal distribution of birth control in the United States from the 1920s until her death in 1966. Sanger worked closely with Hannah Stone and later Abraham Stone at the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau in New…

Abraham Stone with three men and a woman
Stone partnered with international family planning colleagues in efforts to prevent global overpopulation during the 1950s.

What Progress Toward More Effective Birth Control?
While Stone expanded services at the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau to include fertility services and marital counseling, his national profile increased. He lectured internationally and contributed to popular publications like Readers Digest.
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