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Conclusions of a committee inquiring into the claims of W. T. G. Morton and Charles T. Jackson over the credit for the discovery of ether anesthesia.

Article from the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal describing first surgical operations using ether anesthesia.

List of patients who have inhaled ether or chloroform for surgical operations in the Massachusetts General Hospital up to April 1, 1848, furnished by H. J. Bigelow, M.D.

Invitation to the commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the first public demonstration of surgical anesthesia, signed by William Sturgis Bigelow and J. Collins Warren.

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Sixth plate (2 3/4" x 3 1/4") cased daguerreotype of post-injury Phineas Gage. Portrait-style image depicts Gage holding the tamping iron that caused his 1848 frontal lobe injury. Bar marked with inscription from the Warren Anatomical Museum. As with…

Alvin F. Poussaint is Professor of Psychiatry, Faculty Associate Dean for Student Affairs, Director of the Office of Recruitment & Multicultural Affairs at Harvard Medical School. Images are used with his permission for Equal Access: Oral Histories…

Louis Tompkins Wright, MD (1891-1952) was born on July 23, 1891, in La Grange, Georgia, was son of physician Dr. Ceah Ketcham Wright. Dr. Wright died when Louis was four years old, and his mother, Lula Tompkins Wright, later remarried another…

Mildred Fay Jefferson (1926-2010) was born on April 4, 1926 in Pittsburg, Texas. She earned her bachelor's degree from Texas College at age 16, and earned her master's degree from Tuft's University in 1947.

She entered Harvard Medical School as…

William A. Hinton (1883-1959) was born on December 15, 1883 in Chicago, Illinois. His parents were both enslaved. He entered Harvard College in 1902 and graduated in 1905. Between undergrad and medical school, Hinton taught at Walden University in…

Martin Robison Delany (1812-1885) was born in Virginia, his father was enslaved while his mother was a free woman. Delany applied to Harvard Medical School at age 38, and had applied to several medical schools. He was a student of Latin and Greek,…