"Doctress" Rebecca Lee Crumpler
Rebecca Davis Lee Crumpler (1831-1895) worked as a nurse in Charlestown, Massachusetts, and was then accepted into the medical degree program at the New England Female Medical College in Boston. In 1864, she was awarded the degree of "Doctress of Medicine" and is believed to be the first African American woman to graduate from a medical school. She briefly practiced in Virginia after the Civil War and then returned to Boston in 1869.
While little is known of her life and career, she did publish one monograph, A Book of Medical Discourses in Two Parts (Boston : Cashman, Keating & Co., 1883), addressing women on pediatric and gynecological topics.
The full-text of A Book of Medical Discourses is available through the Medical Heritage Library here.